Osteoarthritis is also known as degenerative joint disorder that results from cartilage degeneration due to getting old. It affects the hands, feet, spinal column, hips, knees, fingers, hard bony enlargements and Bouchard’s nodes.

Symptoms of Osteoarthritis:

  • Joint pain
  • Tenderness
  • Stiffness
  • Locking
  • Effusion
  • Limited range-of-motion
  • Crepitus
  • Joint effusion
  • Local soreness bony enlargements
  • Osteophyte development

Medications of Osteoarthritis:

  • Acetaminophen / paracetamol
  • Opioid analgesics
  • NSAIDs
  • COX-2 inhibitor
  • Nonacetylated salicylate
  • Corticosteroid injections
  • Viscosupplementation

Tips to Avoid Osteoarthritis:

  • Weight loss
  • Manual therapy
  • Have balanced diet
  • Combination of exercises
  • Lifestyle modification
  • Analgesics
  • Joint replacement

Factors lead to Osteoarthritis:

  • OA tends to run in families.
  • Being overweight increases the risk of OA
  • Fractures or other joint injuries can lead to OA later in life.
  • Playing sports that involve direct impact on the joint also increase the risk of arthritis.
  • Hemophilia