High Blood Pressure

High Blood Pressure can be called as hypertension, high pressure tension or arterial hypertension. It is a chronic medical condition in which the blood pressure is elevated in the arteries. The blood pressure is said to be high if it is persistently at or above 140/90 mmHg. It may lead to heart failure or aneurysms of the arteries.

Signs of High Blood Pressure:

  1. Screening
  2. Headaches (particularly at the back of the head and in the morning)
  3. Lightheadedness
  4. Vertigo
  5. Tinnitus (buzzing or hissing in the ears)
  6. Altered vision
  7. Sleepiness
  8. Confusion

Causes of High Blood Pressure:

  • It rises with aging
  • Fat
  • Caffeine Consumption

Prevention:

  • Maintain normal body weight for adults
  • Reduce dietary sodium intake
  • Engage in regular aerobic physical activity
  • Limited alcohol consumption
  • Consume a diet rich in fruit and vegetables
  • No smoking
  • Exercise regularly

Complications caused by high blood pressure:

  • Atherosclerosis: narrowing of the arteries.
  • Stroke: haemorrhage or blood clot in the brain.
  • Aneurysm: dangerous expansion of the main artery either in the chest or the abdomen, which becomes weakened and may rupture.
  • Heart attack
  • Heart failure: reduced pumping ability.
  • Kidney failure
  • Eye damage