GERD

Gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) is a unremitting indication of damage of mucosal caused by the acid coming from the stomach.

Symptoms of GERD:

  • Heartburn
  • Regurgitation
  • Trouble swallowing
  • Pain with swallowing
  • Increased salivation
  • Nausea
  • Chest pain
  • Reflux esophagitis
  • Esophageal strictures
  • Barrett’s esophagus
  • Chronic cough
  • Laryngitis
  • Asthma
  • Erosion of dental enamel
  • Dentine hypersensitivity
  • Sinusitis and damaged teeth
  • Pharyngitis
  • Globus pharingeus and globus hystericus
  • Esophageal adenocarcinoma

Factors Contribute To GERD:

  • Hiatal hernia
  • Obesity
  • Zollinger
  • Hypocalcaemia
  • Scleroderma
  • Visceroptosis
  • Laryngitis
  • Chronic cough
  • Pulmonary fibrosis
  • Earache
  • Asthma
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Gallstones

Medications for GERD:

  • Proton pump inhibitors (such as omeprazole, esomeprazole, pantoprazole, lansoprazole, and rabeprazole)
  • Antacids before meals
  • Alginic acid (Gaviscon)
  • Prokinetics
  • Gastric H2 receptor blockers (such as ranitidine, famotidine and cimetidine)
  • Sucralfate (Carafate)
  • Mosapride
  • Baclofen

Medications for GERD:

  • Sleep on the left side, or with your upper body raised
  • Eat smaller meals
  • Avoid acidic and rich foods
  • Maintain a healthy body weight
  • Eating within 3 hours of bedtime
  • Stop smoking
  • Maintain good posture, especially while seated
  • Avoid working out, bending, or stooping on a full stomach

Treatment for GERD:

  • Lifestyle modifications
  • Medications
  • Surgery